It should be noted that with proper care and home maintenance, Maine Coons rarely get sick. This is a physically healthy breed that emerged through natural selection, so the original resistance to disease in Maine Coons is quite high.
However, you can’t completely save your pets from the disease while any living organism sometimes fails.
So, what kind of feline diseases threaten your pet? Typical Maine Coon diseases are divided into congenital and acquired.
Congenital Maine Coon Diseases
Congenital there are diseases predetermined genetically, that is, inherited. The main threats in this direction are only three.
#1. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Thickening of the walls of one or more ventricles of the heart. Identify the propensity to cardiomyopathy can be by electrocardiogram and ultrasonic scanning of the heart. If your pet is too listless — this is an excuse to show it to the vet.
# 2. Displasia of the hip joint
Structural damage of the joint at the stage of formation. Clear evidence of such deviation is a tendency to dislocation, lameness, limited mobility, a wobbling gait. The best prevention of complications is not to provoke excessive activity of the pet, moving games and so on. In the presence of pain, he won’t to play, run and jump.
# 3. Spinal-muscular atrophy
A rare genetic disease, manifested only when the recessive gene have both Maine Coon parents. It leads to weakness, and in difficult cases — to muscular atrophy. In order not to face such problem, the kitten should be taken from the proven breeders, who simply take out examples with the risk of such disease.
Acquired Maine Coon Diseases and it Prevention
Maine-coon, like any other organism, can get sick typically for animal diseases.
#1. Urolithiasis disease
Symptom is the darkening of urine, in severe cases, presence of blood in the urine, as well as restless behavior of the animal when urinating. Risk factors — hard drinking water, abundance of fish food, poor quality dry food. Cats get sick more often, especially castrated. The best prevention is proper nutrition, balance of dry food and «human» food, purified drinking water in sufficient quantity. It is preferable to organize round-the-clock access to a large volume of clean water, for example, to put a bucket or a pot of water in a place accessible to the cat. At the first signs of illness, contact the veterinarian.
# 2. Inflammation of the urinary ducts — cystitis, urethritis, pyelitis
As a rule, the cause is the infection, brought from outside. Or it is a consequence of urolithiasis, more precisely the release of stones from the kidneys and mechanical irritation of the urinary tract. The signs are the same as with urolithiasis. Prevention — timely vaccination, proper nutrition, hygiene.
# 3. Nephritis
Symptoms are rarer uresis, anxiety when urinating, swelling. Risk factors are the carried over diseases, infections. It is advisable to consult a veterinarian, and as a first aid is recommended warmth, peace, fasting with a gradual transition to a vegetable-milk diet.
#4. Diseases of the gums — bleeding, stomatitis, gingivitis, in severe cases, loss of teeth
Symptoms of the disease are visible visually during external examination. Risk factors are excess of soft natural food with a lack of solid foods. Prevention is the right balanced diet, periodic cleaning of teeth with a «cat» toothbrush and paste. If signs of problems with the teeth of the cat should be shown to the veterinarian.
#5. Digestive diseases
The most frequent sign is a loose stool. Prevention is proper nutrition. First aid is therapeutic fasting with a gradual transition to food, which does not irritate the intestinal mucosa. If upset stomach lasts more than a day, uniquely refer to the veterinarian.
# 6. Skin diseases — abscesses, furuncles, acne, folliculitis, carbuncles, staphylo- and streptoderma, eczema
Detecting with an external examination is not so easy because of the thick long Maine Coons coat. However, periodic inspections are necessary. Prevention are regular combing (2—3 times a week, during moult daily), as well as a quarterly «bath day» with the use of special cat shampoos.
# 7. Worms
Even, cats that haven’t been outside should periodically be given anthelmintic remedies, since parasites may accidentally end up in the food given to the cat from the “human” table. Moreover, the feline organism may be less resistant to parasites than the human. The recommended periodicity is not more than once a quarter and at least once a half a year.
From all other diseases, vaccination was and is the best prophylaxis
The schedule of vaccinations should be clarified in the veterinary clinic and strictly follow the recommended vaccination schedule.
The same applies to the pathogens of infections from which vaccinations are made: viruses and bacteria can get into the house on your clothes and shoes, and cat immunity can not cope with this.
As you can see, you can keep your handsome and beloved cat healthy if you pay proper attention to this issue. And then your pet will be cheerful and joyful for many years.